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Flat woven rugs

Flat-woven rugs can be constructed in several different ways. In general, the yarn is tightly woven along foundation structure - consisting of warp strands - as opposed to the perpendicular yarn placement with tufted and knotted rugs. As a result, the yarn is flat, without knots, covering both, top and bottom side. This makes most flat-woven rugs reversible.

Among a few main flat-weave rug varieties are "needlepoint", which is sawn into foundation fabric, and "sumak" (also "soumak"), in which the wefts are passed over two or four warps and back under one or two warps. Tapestry usually feature intricate, color rich patterns or motifs. This leaves its back side with many lose ends, often covered with a fabric backing sawn over it.

Another flat-weave variation is "brocade", where additional colored weft strands are added over existing warp and weft structure.

Traditional "kilim" rugs are the best known flat-woven rug variety. Originally, they were tribal or village rugs made mainly across the broad region from Turkey to central Asia. Light and without much of a bulk, these kilims look more like a tapestry than a rug. They feature predominantly simple geometrical patterns, often picturing various traditional motifs. Originally small in size, nowadays they are being made in all sizes - as well as other than flat-weave constructions - and are quite popular.

Similar to kilims are Aubossons, originating in the 17th century France.

Flat-weaving requires less time than knotting. That makes flat-woven rugs generally less expensive. Their relatively thin flat yarn makes them also less bulky, thus generally less suitable for high-traffic areas.

Carpet and rugs terminology - This sounds like a school class - but this is the one you don't want to miss. An educated buying decision translates into a buying success, and that is your goal. Certainly, understanding carpet and rug terminology is something you need for enjoyable, successful shopping.  And it is not as simple as it may seem at first...

Construction - Simply put, rug or carpet construction is a particular way of putting it together. Whether produced by hand, or by machine, they are made in a certain way. This includes all that is done to come up with a finished product: from tufting or weaving the yarn to dyeing and applying chemical or other treatments...

Materials - Nearly all of materials used for rug and carpet construction are in their face-fiber and backing. It is usually the face-fiber material that gets most of attention and consideration. This is because the rug/carpet fiber forming its face is most exposed, both, visually and physically. Hence it is the main determinant of appearance quality and retention...

Environmental effect - Most materials, natural or synthetic, have some environmental impact, and those used for carpets and rugs are no exception. Health hazard comes mainly from rug and carpet being outgassing potentially toxic fumes, as well as from rug and carpet mold (mildew) infestation...

Label and warranty - Rug/carpet label and its warranty can give important information and indications in regard to its quality level. Getting familiar with their contents is time well spent. Here's what you should look for...

Area rug size and shape - In somewhat different ways, area rug size and shape have both, functional and aesthetic aspect. At first, one would say that area rug's size is pretty much determined by dimensions of the space it is intended to. In reality, the decision on how large area rug will be, and whether it is to be square, round or of some other shape, should come after careful consideration of not only room's size and geometry, but also typical traffic patterns, form and arrangement of other objects and decor elements present, as well as the intended use of the room, or space...

Colors and Patterns - Color of your rug, or carpet, creates certain visual effect, emotion, and an atmosphere. Individual perceptions vary, but most of us will be affected similarly. Here's a brief overview of what are out typical responses to colors and patterns. It may help you decide what rug color and pattern type is best for your room...

Design style - Possible variations in the visual characteristics of the rug/carpet face - its design - are literally countless. They come from visual rug/carpet attributes created by both, fiber coloration, and its dimensional appearance. Luckily, all this immense variety is being channeled, fairly efficiently, into a few main classifications...

Carpet and rug buying checklist - The two main aspects of every rug or carpet are (1) its aesthetics and (2) practicality. Once you find the one that has the right looks, the next step is to check out how appropriate are its materials and construction type to its intended use. In other words, what is its quality level. The following checklist will help you figure that out...

Rug and carpet care tips - From the moment a new rug or carpet enters your home, certain steps and procedures should be followed to ensure its functionality and appearance retention. They are related to placement and installation, as well as carpet or rug care and maintenance. Here are the main pointers.

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